Taiga Biomes

Moscow is a city located in the taiga.

Moscow is a city located in the taiga.

    The taiga is a very cold forest biome. Biomes are areas on Earth with similar climates, animals, and plants.

Taiga forests are made up of evergreen trees.

Taiga forests are made up of evergreen trees.

    You can find taiga in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. Moscow, in Russia, and Toronto, in Canada, are two major cities in the taiga biome.

Bears hibernate during the winter. This adaptation helps them survive in the taiga.

Bears hibernate during the winter. This adaptation helps them survive in the taiga.

    It is very cold for most of the year in these areas. As a result, the plants and animals that live in the taiga have developed adaptations that help them survive in the cold. For example, most of the trees in the taiga are evergreen trees. These trees do not have leaves, but instead have needles. These needles do not fall off during the winter and help trap water inside the tree. Animals that live in the taiga often have thick fur coats and either hibernate in the winter or migrate to warmer climates. Migrate means move.

    During the winter, it snows a lot in the taiga. One animal called the ermine (it looks like a weasel) protects itself from predators by using camouflage to blend in with its surroundings. During the summer, the ermine is brown, but in the winter it turns white.

The ermine's white fur allows it to hide in the snow.

The ermine's white fur allows it to hide in the snow.

    Predators in the taiga have adaptations as well. The grey wolf has thick fur to keep it warm throughout the cold winter. It also has excellent hearing and a strong sense of smell. These things help it find prey in the forest.

Squirrels hide nuts to prepare for the cold winters with little food. 

Squirrels hide nuts to prepare for the cold winters with little food. 

    Herbivores, such as deer, in the forest eat the seeds and leaves found on the plants. Many of the herbivores are small. Squirrels, rabbits, and chipmunks are all found in the taiga.

    All of the organisms in the taiga have adapted to survive in that cold environment. However, it is so hard to survive in the taiga that very few people or animals have chosen to live there.